THE SEVEN YEARS WAR 1756 -
THE TREATY OF PARIS 1763
xxxxxAs one would expect, the terms of the Treaty of Paris which ended the Seven Years' War in 1763 were most favourable to the British. They gained all the French territory east of the Mississippi, and Spain ceded Florida, receiving the Louisiana Territory and New Orleans in return. In India, French power was broken, and the British were poised to take over the sub-
xxxxxThe Treaty of Paris of 1763, which brought an end to the Seven Years' War, was a triumph for the British. In North America, following their victory at Quebec in 1769 and their capture of Montreal a year later, all French territory east of the Mississippi was awarded to Britain. Spain ceded Florida, but in return received the Louisiana Territory and New Orleans. At the same time in India, where their power had been broken at the battle of Wandiwash in 1760 and by the capture of Pondicherry the following year, the French were only permitted to retain their possessions as commercial enterprises, and only under strict military supervision. In addition Britain gained Senegal in Africa, and retained a powerful presence in the West Indies.
xxxxxMeanwhile, in Europe the province of Silesia, once a valuable Austrian possession, was confirmed as part of Prussia, a fitting reward for Britain's staunch ally Frederick the Great, who had borne the brunt of the continental fighting and, at times, had come so close to defeat. His country now emerged as a major European power, and one destined to grow.
Map (North America): licensed under Creative Commons – http://7thgradehumanities.wikispaces.com. Map (Prussia): licensed under Creative Commons. Original uploader: Adam Carr – en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prussia. Surrender: date and artist unknown, contained in Historical Narratives of Early Canada by the Canadian educator and writer William Raymond Frank Wilson (1932-
xxxxxThe treaty marked Great Britain out as the world's leading colonial power. Its prestige had never been greater. In particular, the complete overthrow of the French in North America, following a series of conflicts lasting three-
xxxxxAs we shall see, relations were to come somewhat strained with the passing of the Stamp Act -