xxxxxAs we have seen, it was in 1553 (E6) that the English navigator Richard Chancellor reached Archangel in the search for a north-
THE MUSCOVY COMPANY 1555 (M1)
xxxxxAs we have seen, it was the English navigator Richard Chancellor who, as part of an expedition sent out by the explorer Sebastian Cabot to find a north-
xxxxxFollowing his return, Cabot, together with a number of London merchants, set up a trading company with Russia in 1555. Known as the Muscovy Company, it was granted a monopoly of Anglo-
xxxxxIndeed, so lucrative did this trade become, that for a time very little thought was given to the idea of the north-
xxxxxAs we shall see, despite the hostile conditions posed by this arctic route, further attempts were made by such dedicated seamen as Barents, Hudson and Bering, but it was not, in fact, until 1879 that a Swedish explorer, Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, succeeded in finding and, more to the point, sailing through the north-
Ivan IV: taken from Friedrich Meyer’s Russland, published 1884, artist unknown.