THE DISSOLUTION OF THE MONASTERIES 1536 -
xxxxxAs part of the English Reformation, the royal assent to the dissolution of the monasteries was given in 1536. In the first instance over 370 of the smaller houses were closed, and this was followed in 1539 by the closure of the larger ones. All the monasteries were ransacked, monks and nuns were thrown out, and abbots who resisted were executed. A special target for desecration was the shrine of Thomas Becket at Canterbury Cathedral. Many of these properties were then sold off, adding substantially to the Crown coffers, though some of the income was set aside for monastic pensions.
xxxxxIt was in April 1536 that, as part of the English Reformation, royal assent was given to the dissolution (closure) of the lesser monasteries -
xxxxxFrom pulpits throughout the country monks and nuns were branded hypocrites and sorcerers, and accused of living off the working people. Some abbots resisted -
xxxxxA typical monastery at the time of the Dissolution.
Tintern Abbey: watercolour by the London artist J.M.W. Turner (1775-