ALFONSO VI IS DEFEATED AT THE BATTLE OF ZALACA 1086 (W1)
xxxxxThe Muslims of north-
xxxxxMeanwhile, in northern Spain, where there was little Muslim presence, a number of small Christian kingdoms were established, like Navarre, Castile, Aragon and Leon. These developed to such an extent that during his reign (1000-
xxxxxThe first ruler to add action to desire was Alfonso VI of Leon and Castile (illustrated). In 1085 he attacked and captured from the Moors the ancient Visigoth capital of Toledo. This victory, no mean feat, advanced his frontier up to the River Tagus in the centre of the Iberian peninsula. But his success was short-
xxxxxThe taking of Toledo by Alfonso VI, appropriately nicknamed "The Brave", was a decisive event in that it marked the beginning of the Christian fight-
xxxxxHaving defeated the Christians at the Battle of Zalaca, the Almoravids pushed deep into the Iberian peninsula, taking over the areas occupied earlier by the Moors. They met some opposition, but it was to be some 400 years before the Arabs -
.... the maximum extent of the Almoravid Empire ....
xxxxxThe Almoravids fell from power around 1180, but, as we shall see, they were replaced by an even more fanatical Muslim people from North Africa, the Almohads. The red line shows the extent of their Empire. However, the tide eventually turned in favour of the Christian forces. The green area marks the territory still held by the Muslims at the end of the Almohad dynasty around 1215.
xxxxxThe Moors, Muslim Arabs from north-
Moor Princes: contained in the German book Zur Geschichte der Kostume (History of Costume) by Louis Braun, and produced by the publishing firm Braun & Schneider (active c1861-