GREAT ZIMBABWE EMPIRE IN DECLINE 1450 (H6)
xxxxxAs we have seen (1400 H4), it was probably around 800 AD that the Karanga settled between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers in south-
aaaaaAs we have seen (1400 H4), it was probably the Karanga who, around about 800 AD, settled in the region between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers in south-
aaaaaThe first development appears to have been a number of stone-
aaaaaAlthough based originally on agriculture and the keeping of cattle, a flourishing industry and trade soon developed in copper and gold, mined locally. These minerals, together with ivory, apart from supplying local industries, proved valuable barter, and a prosperous empire developed, the wealthy enjoying luxuries coming from the Middle East and as far afield as south east Asia and China.
aaaaaThe empire reached the height of its prosperity at the beginning of the fifteenth century under a line of kings known as the Mwene Mutapa, but by about 1450 it went into rapid decline. It had expanded at a pace over the past two hundred years, based on overseas trade and tribute from a large number of far-
aaaaaIn the seventeenth century this whole region was to undergo change with the arrival of the Portuguese and the rise of the powerful Rozwi kingdom in present-
Zimbabwe: from OpenStax, Rice University, Houston, Texas, date and artist unknown. Map (Africa): licensed under Creative Commons, Eric Gaba – wikimedia commons user: Sting.