xxxxxAs we have seen (1638 C1), under Murad IV the Ottoman Empire, already in decline, made something of a come-
THE BATTLE OF KAHLENBERG (or VIENNA) 1683 (C2)
Sobieski: by the Polish-
xxxxxAs we have seen (1638 C1), the Ottoman Empire, already in decline, made something of a come-
xxxxxInxthe late summer of 1683, convinced that the Ottoman army was sufficiently powerful -
xxxxxThe Battle of Kahlenberg (or Vienna) proved to be one of the decisive battles of European history. With the invading Muslims stopped in their tracks, the way was now open for a counter offensive, led by the Holy League (Austria, Poland and Venice), and supported by Russia. As we shall see, large areas of the Ottoman Empire within eastern and central Europe were captured over the next fifteen years, and the Turks suffered yet another defeat at the Second Battle of Mohacs in 1687 (J2).
xxxxxIncidentally, for his failure to capture Vienna, Kara Mustafa Pasha paid the ultimate price. On the orders of the sultan, Mehmed IV, he was beheaded at Belgrade that same year, and his head was brought to the sultan on a silver platter!