xxxxxTunisia was overrun by Arabs in the 7th century, and the Ottoman Turks conquered the land in 1574. Then in 1705, when the Algerians invaded the country and captured its ruler, a Turkish officer named Husayn Ibn Ali (1669-
HUSAYN IBN ALI COMES TO POWER IN TUNISIA 1705 (AN)
xxxxxThe area known as Tunisia was overrun by Arabs in the 7th century, and Arabic and Islam replaced Latin and Christianity. There were short periods of occupation by the Normans in the 12th century, and by the Spanish in the 16th, but it was not until 1574 that the Ottoman Turks conquered the land and became the long-
xxxxxDuring the imperial rule that followed, the government of the country was in the hands of native administrators known as Deys, but in 1705 after the Algerians had invaded and captured the ruler of Tunis, a Turkish officer named Husayn ibn Ali (1669-
xxxxxHusayn ibn Ali himself ruled until 1740 and, such was his standing that he was able to conduct treaties with a series of European states, including France, Great Britain, Spain and Holland. The country was governed through law and religious scholars known as Malikites, and for many years it enjoyed a large measure of prosperity. As one of the Barbary states of North Africa, piracy remained a major source of state income until the beginning of the 19th century, with countries prepared to pay substantial sums to ensure that their shipping was not raided whilst sailing in the Mediterranean. However, by 1815 the American navy had virtually put an end to this piracy, and this plunged the country into debt. It went into economic decline, and became a French protectorate three years after the Treaty of Berlin in 1878.
xxxxxIn 1711, just six years after Husayn Ibn Ali had seized power in Tunisia, Ahmad Karamanli (1686-
xxxxxJust six years after Husayn Ibn Ali seized power in Tunisia, the adjoining Ottoman province of Tripoli -
Husayn Ibn Ali: date and artist unknown. Map (Tunisia): licensed under Creative Commons – africawiki09.wikispaces.com. Map (Tunis): licensed under Creative Commons – alunde.wikispaces.com. Map (Libya): licensed under Creative Commons. Author:Esemono, improved by Kirk – en.wikipedia.org.