xxxxxJethro Tull, a qualified barrister whose interest lay in agriculture, developed a horse-
JETHRO TULL 1674 -
xxxxxJethro Tull was born in Basildon, Berkshire and, after studying at Oxford, qualified as a barrister. But he never practised law. His interest lay in agriculture, and in about 1700 he began work on his father's farm in Oxfordshire. Just a year later, in 1701, using pieces from an old pipe organ, he developed a horse-
xxxxxThe drill itself was made up of a box so shaped as to release the seeds by a regulated amount; a hopper mounted alongside to supply the seed; and a plough and harrow to make a shallow furrow in the earth and then turn over the soil to cover the seeds as they were sown.
xxxxxLater, while travelling in France and Italy, he studied the various methods used in the cultivation of the vineyards. In 1714, following his return, he developed a horse-
xxxxxThese inventions and his own ideas about farming were later contained in his chief work The New Horse-
xxxxxIncidentally, a primitive "seed dropper" attached to a plough had been used in ancient Babylonia, and a similar but more intricate device was employed by the early Chinese. There are also references to a seed drill in Spain towards the end of the 16th century, but Tull's mechanical sower constituted an important advance. ……
xxxxx…… Onexof the biggest advances in agriculture came over a century later with the world’s first smooth-
Tull: 18th century engraving, artist unknown. Drill: licensed under Creative Commons – https://wiki.brown.edu. Plough: licensed under Creative Commons – https://nhsworldciv.wikispaces.com.