xxxxxWith the emergence of the German Empire following the defeat of the Austrians in 1866 (Vb) and the French in 1870 (Vb), the balance of power in Europe changed dramatically. In 1872, as we have seen, The Three Emperors’ League (Germany, Austria-
THE TRIPLE ALLIANCE 1882 (Vc)
Map (Europe): released into the public domain by its author Nydas – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Triple
+Alliance. Cartoon: contained in the London satirical magazine Punch, July 1891, artist unknown.
xxxxxAs we have seen, the German victories over the Austrians in 1866 (Vb) and the French in 1870 (Vb) -
xxxxxBut this League, allied though it was against liberalism, did not last long. From its beginning there was serious tension between Austria-
xxxxxIt was this pact that Italy joined in 1882, thereby forming the Triple Alliance. Fearing France -
xxxxxIn 1882, however, the Triple Alliance was seen as a formidable central European bloc, made up of a powerful, ambitious Germany, a revitalised Austria-