THE ESTABLISHMENT OF SIKHISM c1499 (H7)
xxxxxSikhism, an Indian religion made up of both Islamic and Hindu influences, was founded in the Punjab, north-
xxxxxThis sacred text is kept secure in the Golden Temple, built by the fourth Guru Ram Das after he founded the city of Amritsar in 1577. The Temple, covered in gold leaf, is situated on an island in the “Pool of Immortality” -
xxxxxAfter 1708 the Sikhs suffered persecution from their Mughal rulers, and in 1839, following the death of one of their most able leaders, Ranjit Singh, the Sikh kingdom virtually fell apart. As we shall see the British then moved into the area and after two short wars (1845 and 1848) annexed the Punjab in 1849 (Va). It was to be a long time before the Sikhs were to gain any measure of independence.
xxxxxIncidentally, the Sikh symbol shown here sums up their creed. The inner circle represents their “Wonderful Lord”, who has no beginning or end; the two swords on either side depict the spiritual and temporal powers; and the double-
xxxxxSikhism, an Indian religion influenced by both Islam and Hinduism, was founded in the Punjab, north-
Map (India): permitted by CC-