THE SEVENTH CRUSADE 1248 -
xxxxxAs we have seen, the Sixth Crusade of 1228, by dint of a peace agreement between Frederick II and the Sultan of Egypt, put Jerusalem and other cities back into Christian hands. It was a triumph of negotiation by the German king, but it was not destined to last for long. In 1244 a large Egyptian force attacked the Holy City, and it was quickly overtaken and sacked. Yet another crusade was required -
xxxxxAs we have seen, the Sixth Crusade of 1228, led by Frederick II, proved remarkably successful. The German king negotiated a settlement with the Sultan of Egypt by which Jerusalem and other cities were returned to Christian control. But this success was short-
xxxxxAs we shall see, undeterred by this military failure, Louis embarked on the Eighth Crusade in 1270, but died of disease soon after reaching Tunisia. This was the last crusade. Jerusalem was to remain in Muslim hands for many years to come.
Louis IX: from The Life of St. Louis by the French Franciscan Guillaume de Saint-