THE JACQUERIE UPRISING 1358 (E3)
xxxxxIn May 1358 a large peasant revolt broke out near Compiègne, north-
xxxxxIn May 1358, taking advantage of the upheaval which followed the defeat of the French army at Poitiers, a large mob of peasants, led by Guillaume Cale, went on the rampage near Compiègne, north-
xxxxxThe following month, however, both groups were defeated by royalist forces, and the insurgents, some 10,000 or more, were slaughtered. There then followed savage reprisals against the local peasantry. Some reports suggest that over 20,000 were killed in two weeks.
xxxxxIncidentally, the word Jacquerie derives from the nickname for a French peasant: Jacques Bonhomme. The name was a contemptuous term used by the privileged classes when referring to those who worked on the land. The uprising itself was graphically described in Froissart’s Chronicles, (1322-
Final Defeat: from the Froissart Chronicles, 15th century, Flandre, Bruges – National Library of France, Paris.