IRELAND – THE CONQUEST BEGINS 1170 (H2)
xxxxxIt was Henry II who, given the task by the Pope to make Ireland more accountable to Rome, took the first steps on the long road to the English conquest of the island. In 1170 he sent out the Anglo-
xxxxxIt was Henry II who, having been authorised by the Pope, Adrian IV, to conquer Ireland and make the church there more accountable to Rome, took the first steps on the long road to the English conquest of the island. In 1170 hexgave permission to the 2nd Earl of Pembroke, an adventurous Anglo-
xxxxxIt was at this juncture, in 1171, that Henry II himself landed at Waterford. He was prepared to give some limited authority to Pembroke for what he had achieved, but he was anxious that Ireland should not become a rival Norman state. He had the Irish kings submit to his rule, kept the major towns in his own hands, and made the church recognise his supreme authority. Later,xby the Treaty of Windsor in 1175, the high king, Roderick O'Connor, accepted Henry as his lawful overlord. Thus by 1176 the majority of Irish chieftains had pledged allegiance to their English King.
xxxxxBut the Anglo-
Strongbow: as depicted by the Irish artist Daniel MaclIse (1806-