JAMES OGLETHORPE FOUNDS
THE BRITISH COLONY OF GEORGIA 1733 (G2)
xxxxxAs we have seen, the Treaty of Utrecht of 1713 (AN) attempted to resolve the colonial disputes in North America, but the ill-
xxxxxAs we have seen, in 1713 (AN) the Treaty of Utrecht made an attempt at resolving the colonial clashes of interest in North America. Spain retained Florida, and the French kept Cape Breton Island, whilst the British gained Acadia -
xxxxxIn 1733, Britain, seeking to strengthen the southern flank of her colonies along the Atlantic seaboard, founded the new colony of Georgia, named after the king. The thirteenth and, as it turned out, the last of these colonial states, it was seen as a buffer region between the Spanish to the south in Florida and the French to the west in Louisiana. A charter having been granted to the English philanthropist James Oglethorpe (illustrated above), he landed with 100 colonists and established the first settlement at Savannah on land purchased from the Indians.
xxxxxA former general, he then spent the next ten years building up a military force capable of defending the southern border against the Spanish, and this served the colony well when a Spanish invasion force was defeated at the Battle of Bloody Marsh in 1742. However, his high-
xxxxxGiven the constant border clashes, experienced by the thirteen colonies -
xxxxxIncidentally, in 1740 Oglethorpe organised his own colonial "navy" to help the Royal Navy in its work of preventing Spanish privateers from attacking shipping off the coast of Georgia. His three vessels, one illustrated here, proved ideal for patrolling the coastal waters. ……
xxxxx…… The three founder members of Methodism, the brothers John and Charles Wesley and George Whitefield, visited the colony in 1735. Charles Wesley returned home after two months or so, unable to withstand the climate, but his brother remained in America for two years. George Whitefield returned in 1738, but he made six more visits to the British colonies during his lifetime.
Oglethorpe: copy after the French painter Simon François Ravenet (1706-